Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$categories is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$post2cat is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$link2cat is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetExists($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 554

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetGet($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 595

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetSet($offset, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 535

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 544

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetExists($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 960

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetGet($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 980

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetSet($offset, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 992

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 1003

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::current() should either be compatible with Iterator::current(): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 151

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::next() should either be compatible with Iterator::next(): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 175

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::key() should either be compatible with Iterator::key(): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 164

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::valid() should either be compatible with Iterator::valid(): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 186

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::rewind() should either be compatible with Iterator::rewind(): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 138

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetExists($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 75

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetGet($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 89

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetSet($index, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 110

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetUnset($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 127

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::count() should either be compatible with Countable::count(): int, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 199

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$snippets is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$ms_snippets is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Main::$helpers is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/lib/abstract-main.php on line 65

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Pages::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Calendar::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Archives::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Media_Audio::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Media_Image::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Media_Gallery::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Media_Video::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Meta::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Search::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Text::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Categories::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Recent_Posts::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Recent_Comments::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_RSS::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Tag_Cloud::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Nav_Menu_Widget::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Widget_Custom_HTML::$show_instance_in_rest is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/gutenberg/lib/widgets.php on line 157

Deprecated: DateTime::__construct(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($datetime) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 348

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$skip_inner_blocks is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: Constant FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/conditionals/third-party/elementor-edit-conditional.php on line 22

Deprecated: Constant FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/conditionals/third-party/elementor-edit-conditional.php on line 28

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Taxonomy::$rest_namespace is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-taxonomy.php on line 440

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Taxonomy::$rest_namespace is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-taxonomy.php on line 440

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Post_Type::$rest_namespace is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-post-type.php on line 554

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Post_Type::$rest_namespace is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-post-type.php on line 554

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Post_Type::$rest_namespace is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-post-type.php on line 554

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Taxonomy::$rest_namespace is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-taxonomy.php on line 440

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$skip_inner_blocks is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$view_script is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$view_script is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$variations is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$skip_inner_blocks is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$variations is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 333

Deprecated: trim(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp.php on line 173

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php:668) in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/mediavine-control-panel/src/Security.php on line 49

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Term::$object_id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-term.php on line 198

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Term::$object_id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-term.php on line 198

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Term::$object_id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-term.php on line 198

Deprecated: ltrim(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 3030

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Term::$object_id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-term.php on line 198

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Surfaces\Classes_Surface::$container is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/surfaces/classes-surface.php on line 20

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Main::$classes is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/lib/abstract-main.php on line 65

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$page_type is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 43

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$robots is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$title is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$source is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64
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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$meta_description is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$canonical is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$rel_prev is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$rel_next is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_locale is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_type is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_title is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_description is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_url is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$wordpress_site_name is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_site_name is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$company_name is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$site_represents is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$open_graph_publisher is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_article_publisher is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_article_author is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_article_published_time is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_article_modified_time is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$open_graph_enabled is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$open_graph_images is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$twitter_card is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$twitter_card is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$twitter_title is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$twitter_description is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$twitter_image is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$twitter_creator is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$twitter_site is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$estimated_reading_time_minutes is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$canonical is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$main_schema_id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$site_url is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$schema_article_type is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$site_name is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$site_represents_reference is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$main_image_id is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$schema_page_type is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$title is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$main_image_url is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$has_image is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Context\Meta_Tags_Context::$description is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Yoast\WP\SEO\Presentations\Indexable_Post_Type_Presentation::$breadcrumbs is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/presentations/abstract-presentation.php on line 64

Deprecated: parse_str(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 4975

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

Deprecated: strtolower(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/allabou3/public_html/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-seo/src/generators/schema-generator.php on line 176

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arkansas volcano crater diamonds state park

Ancient Volcano in Arkansas: Crater of Diamonds State Park


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Arkansas does not have any active volcanoes but you can dig for diamonds in the crater of an ancient volcano located in southwest Arkansas.

If you aren’t from Arkansas, you may not have known that we hold the title of having the only public diamond mine in the world. You can actually come here and dig for diamonds with your own shovel (or you can rent if you didn’t bring your own).

If you find a diamond, you can keep it. Finders keepers. Losers weepers.

Crater of Diamonds State Park sits on top of an ancient volcanic pipe.
Crater of Diamonds State Park sits on top of an ancient volcanic pipe. Photo credit: J. Michael Raby/Flickr

It’s that easy. In September 25, 2020, an Arkansas man discovered a 9.07-carat diamond at Crater of Diamonds State Park on Labor Day. It was the second-largest diamond found in the 48-year history of the State Park.

“246 diamonds have been registered at Crater of Diamonds State Park [in 2020], weighing a total of 59.25 carats. On average, people find one or two diamonds there daily.” -source

Flowed field ready for digging on top of Arkansas' own ancient volcano.
Plowed field ready for digging on top of Arkansas’ own ancient volcano. Photo credit: ZhaoScorpio/Flickr

Digging for diamonds is a lot of fun but how many people have actually stopped to wonder why this area is called Crater of Diamonds State Park? What makes it a crater?

Crater of Diamonds State Park actually sits on top of an ancient volcano!

“One of the only places in the world where the public can search for real diamonds in their original volcanic source, Crater of Diamonds is a one-of-a-kind experience that brings people from all over the world to Murfreesboro, Arkansas. Visitors to the park search a 37-acre field, the eroded surface of a volcanic crater, for a variety of rocks, minerals, and gemstones – and any rock or mineral you find is yours to keep.” -source

The Uncle Sam Diamond is the largest diamond ever discovered in the United States.
The Uncle Sam Diamond is the largest diamond ever discovered in the United States. Photo credit: Erin/Flicker

According to Wikipedia, “The Crater of Diamonds volcanic pipe is part of a 95-million-year-old eroded volcano. The deeply sourced lamproite magma, from the upper mantle, brought the diamonds to the surface. The diamonds had crystallized in the cratonic root of the continent long before and were sampled by the magma as it rose to the surface.” -source

Let’s get technical for a minute:
Scientists say that the origins of Arkansas diamonds are unusual. Almost all diamonds in the world are mined from kimberlite and from alluvial deposits of diamonds that are weathered from kimberlite. However, Arkansas diamonds are mined from lamproite.

digging for diamonds in Arkansas volcano
Could there be a diamond in there? Photo credit: ZhaoScorpio/Flickr

Kimberlite is an igneous rock that can sometimes contain diamonds. Kimberlite is named after Kimberley in South Africa where an 83.5-carat diamond was discovered around the year 1869.

Lamproite is an “ultrapotassic mantle-derived volcanic or subvolcanic rock.” -source

Lamproite is formed from partially melted mantle deep within the Earth and then that molten material is forced to Earth’s surface in volcanic pipes. As the material moves up, it brings diamonds from the mantle regions where diamonds are formed.

So, when you dig for diamonds at Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas, you are actually digging in the eroded surface of the volcanic pipe which brought those diamonds to the surface many, many years ago.

Old mine shack at Crater of Diamonds State Park AR
Old mine shack at Crater of Diamonds State Park. Photo credit: J. Michael Raby/Flickr

“Due in part to the park, and also because Arkansas was the first place outside South Africa where diamonds were found at their original volcanic source, this special gem has come to be associated with the Natural State. A large diamond symbol has dominated the state flag since 1912. The Arkansas State Quarter, released in 2003, bears a diamond on its face as do the current license plates.” -source

Arkansas has a lot to offer! Check this out: Things you can ONLY get in Arkansas.

You’ll also like this: Mauney’s House: Diamond-Sized Secrets

Also, if you want a guarantee of finding something beautiful, digging for quartz crystal might be for you.

Read all about it too:
[INSIDER TIPS] Crystal Digging in Arkansas

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